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Curriculum – Year 4


Literacy and Language is an energetic English programme for years 2 to 6 fully matched to the National Curriculum in England.

At it’s core it uses a variety of creative activities to embed key literacy skills, including comprehension, writing, grammar, punctuation and spoken language. Through drama and whole class discussions, children acquire a wide vocabulary and have opportunities to articulate clearly and elaborate their understanding of ideas. It stimulates and challenges children’s thinking to create enthusiastic, lifelong readers and writers.  The structure of the program exposes children at Holdbrook to a range of stories and genres to capture their imaginations.

MATHS (Maths No Problem)

Year 4
Autumn The year begins with a focus on counting, number, place value and calculation using all four operations with numbers up to 10,000. They will be comparing and ordering numbers and learning to round them. How to estimate will be examined and the children will be encouraged to use this skill when solving problems. The children will be further developing their understanding of addition and subtraction including those calculations that require them to rename. Their work on multiplication will cover all times tables up to and including 12 and they will be applying their knowledge to both multiplication and division calculations and word problems.
Spring The spring term continues to develop their understanding of multiplication and division. The children will be multiplying 2 and 3-digit numbers and multiples of 100. They will be learning to divide 2 and 3- digit numbers with and without remainders. The children will then move on to drawing and reading bar and line graphs. Their learning about fractions and decimals will cover work on counting in hundredths, writing mixed numbers, finding equivalent fractions and simplifying fractions. They will be learning to add and subtract fractions, presenting their answers in the simplest form. Decimals will include learning about tenths and hundredths and how to compare and order them. Links will be made with their learning about fractions when they are asked to write fractions as decimal numbers. Work on measurement in this term sees a focus on time. They will be learning about the 24 hour clock and converting between hours, minutes and seconds. They will then apply their skills to solving word problems requiring them to calculate duration.
Summer In the summer there is further learning about measurement but this time in the context of money, mass, volume and length. To begin with they will be recording money in a variety of different ways, including rounding amounts to the nearest pound. In their learning about mass they will be measuring and comparing the mass of objects and converting units of mass when necessary. They will be measuring volume and converting units of volume. For length they will be measuring their heights and calculating the perimeter of shapes in both cm and mm. They will be introduced to the concept of area and how to calculate it initially by counting squares before using the formula. They will then move on to geometry where they will study the properties of shape and learn about position and movement. They will be identifying types of angle and comparing them. They will be learning to classify triangles and quadrilaterals and developing their ability to identify reflective symmetry. At the end of the year they will be learning about Roman Numerals and will be able to write Roman Numerals to 100.


The National Curriculum requires children at KS1 & KS2 to study science. Starting in the school year 2017 – 2018, children throughout Holdbrook are following an exciting new science scheme called ‘Engaging Science’. This scheme covers all aspects of the National Curriculum and is supplemented by additional exploration in relevant Cornerstones topics. The life and work of famous scientists are linked to relevant units of work throughout both Key Stages.

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them.
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

Further detail about the National Curriculum requirements for science at Key Stages 1 & 2 can be found by following this link:

National Curriculum Science

Our Curriculum:


Year 4


In this unit children learn about the structure of the mouth and about how to care for their teeth, investigating which drink stains teeth the most. They learn about the structure of the digestive system and building a model of the digestive process and making “poo” then using their knowledge to produce a piece of creative writing. The explore interrelationships in food, constructing food chains and food webs.




Children learn that some materials allow electricity through them and others do not. They learn about the history of electricity and they make and test electrical circuits with a variety of components. They use their knowledge of electricity to design and build a model of a burglar alarm for a house.



Children learn about the variety of living things and how they can be grouped according to shared characteristics. They use and construct keys to identify unfamiliar animals and plants. They study the life of Carl Linnaeus who developed the system of classification used today.



States Of Matter

Children learn that materials come in three states of matter: solid, liquid or gas. They identify materials as solids, liquids or gases, including some that are harder to classify such as sand or sponge. They learn how to use a thermometer and investigate changes of state. They learn about the water cycle.



Children listen to and identify sounds and learn how our ears work to detect sounds. They carry out experiments to help them learn about loudness and pitch and use data loggers to investigate the best material for muffling sound. They make and play musical instruments.


Additional unit: Respecting Our Environment

This unit is intended to be taught across the whole year with at least two lessons in each term.   Children look at the area within and near the school grounds and at the impact of humans on the environment. They discuss the need to balance human requirements against those of the environment.


The Science Museum and the Natural History Museum in London are both free and well worth a visit.


During the autumn term, children will learn about life in the Indus Valley up to 3000 years ago. The Indus valley covers the area where Pakistan and north-west India are now.

In the spring term, our focus will turn to our local area. Pupils will learn about how Waltham Cross has links to various eras in history and will find out why some of our local roads are such named.

In the summer term, we will travel back in time again to find out about life at the time of The Anglo-Saxons and Scots.



During the autumn term, children will learn about mountainous area in the UK and will find out about some of the biggest mountains and mountain ranges in the world. They will be introduced to OS maps and will learn how mountains are shown using contour lines.

In the spring term, our focus will turn to the local area. Pupils will find out how land is used locally and how this land use has changed over time. Map skills will be developed further, with the introduction of grid references and OS map symbols.

In the summer term, pupils will learn about the different regions of the UK and their characteristics. They will also explore different types of settlement that are found in the UK.

Here are links to the National Curriculum website that explains these strands and other expectations of your children in more detail:




The Department for Education, as part of the new Primary National Curriculum (2014), stated that Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education would remain non-statutory. It did, however, guide that ‘All schools should make provision for PSHE education, drawing on good practice.’

At Holdbrook Primary School, we teach Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education through the comprehensive scheme of learning called ‘Jigsaw’. During the year, all classes from Nursery through to Year 6 benefit from a weekly, engaging PSHE lesson.

The ‘Jigsaw’ approach has children at its heart and helps them to understand and value who they are and how they contribute to the world. Celebration Certificates are awarded in a weekly assembly, to pupils in each year group, to recognise their contribution to a particular aspect of each theme.


Lessons are based on a theme (Jigsaw piece). In Year 4, Jigsaw Jaz will help children learn about: Being Me in My World; Celebrating Difference; Dreams and Goals; Being Healthy; Relationships; and Growing Up.


Autumn Term

The lessons in Year 4 in the Autumn term cover this learning:

Spring Term

The lessons in Year 4 in the Spring term cover this learning:

Summer Term

The lessons in Year 4 in the Summer term cover this learning:

Further information about the ‘Jigsaw’ approach in Year 4:


Autumn: Accuracy Counts

The children discuss what computer networks are, including the internet and the services it offers. They explore how search engines work and what influences results, evaluating search engines and using sources. The start to be aware of fake news and how to check sources of information to check it is reliable. They learn about the threat from computer viruses, develop understanding of intellectual property and relate this to their own content. The children develop their eSafe practice through the use of CEOP resources and a whole school unit on staying safe online both at school and home. They use spreadsheet software to create graphs and to explore number patterns and start to become more proficient in the evaluation of their data.

Spring: Programming & Games

Children explore a variety of simulations, investigating the structure and exploring how they might be programmed. They begin understand how long code instructions can be changed to simplify them using loops. They decompose tasks, creating and debugging algorithms and understanding how algorithms support the programming process, looking at code step-by-step to find and correct errors. They write, test, debug and refine programs to achieve specific objectives, using sequence, repetition and procedures. The children explore selection in digital systems.

Summer: Authoring

The children investigate computing storage capacities and ways of saving data on local servers and networks and start to understand that data can also be saved to the ‘cloud’. They develop understanding of the school network and operating systems. They use varied resources, including the internet and tablet apps, to create digital content, creating and manipulating images and words. The children can select and use software to create non-linear content for specific audiences and objectives.

Department for Education Computing Programme of Study KS1 and 2



The National Curriculum requires pupils at KS2 to learn a language. At Holdbrook, we have decided that children will learn Latin. Although this is a ‘dead’ language, it forms the basis of many modern European languages (including English) and will therefore support learning of these languages when pupils move on to secondary school.

National Curriculum: “If an ancient language is chosen, the focus will be to provide a linguistic foundation for reading comprehension and an appreciation of classical civilisation. Pupils studying ancient languages may take part in simple oral exchanges, while discussion of what they read will be conducted in English. A linguistic foundation in ancient languages may support the study of modern languages at key stage 3.”

Further information about the National Curriculum requirements for languages at Key Stage 2 can be found by following this link:

National Curriculum Languages

For the year 2018 – 2019, Year 3 will follow their plan, whilst the rest of the KS2 classes will be following the Y4 plan for Latin, as this is the second year of teaching Latin. In subsequent years, pupils will move on to the Y5 and Y6 plans. By the year 2020 – 2021, our ‘Minimus’ Latin programme will be fully rolled out.


Year 4 Subject Matter Grammar Content

The Best Days Of Your Life

education & writing revision (nouns, adjectives & verbs)

Romans & Britons

Briton’s & Candidus’s experiences adverbs

Off To Town

a trip to Eboracum (York) consolidation


At Holdbrook, we are now following the ‘Music Express’ programme for teaching Music.


 Year 4                                                                                                    
Autumn 1 The topics are ‘Poetry’ and ‘Environment’.

In the topic ‘Poetry’ the children will develop performances of continuing poems. They use their voice to speak expressively and rhythmically, and discover ways to create ostinato accompaniments to enhance their performances.

In the topic ’Environment’ the seasons and the environment will provide the stimuli for compositions. The children will make descriptive accompaniments and discover how the environment has inspired composers throughout history.

Autumn 2 The topics are ‘Sounds’ and ‘Recycling’.

In the topic ‘Sounds’ after exploring how sounds are produced and classified, the children will use their voices to make beatbox sounds, sin four-part songs and perform a jazzy round.

In the topic ‘Recycling’ the children will make their own instruments from junk and use them to improvise, compose and play junk jazz music in a variety of different music styles.

Spring 1 The topics are ‘Building’ and ‘Around the World’.

In the topic ‘Building’ building themed songs will allow the children to explore how music can be structured to provide different textures. They use layers and rondo structure to combine ostaniti played on body percussion and tuned instruments.

In the topic ‘Around the World’ the children will explore pentatonic melodies and syncopated rhythms, learning that the fundamental dimensions of music are the same all over the world.

Spring 2 The topic is ‘Ancient Worlds’.

In the Topic ‘Ancient Worlds’ the children will celebrate achievements of the ‘Amazing Egyptians’ and explore 20th century minimalist music inspired by the age of Akhenaten’ They will arrange and perform a layered pyramid structure.

Summer In the summer term, Year 4 move away from Music Express and start learning to play the recorder.  They learn to play the notes of the C Major scale.  They learn to read and write notes and compose their own tunes.


At Holdbrook Primary School, we teach Religious Education through the comprehensive scheme of learning called ‘Discovery RE’.  During the year, all classes from Nursery through to Year 6, benefit from a weekly, engaging R.E. lesson.

Each half-term, pupils investigate a key question relating to an aspect of the religion being studied.  In Year 4, Christianity and Buddhism are covered in depth.

Autumn Term

The lessons in Year 4 in the Autumn term cover this learning:

Spring Term

The lessons in Year 4 in the Spring term cover this learning:

Summer Term

The lessons in Year 4 in the Summer term cover this learning:

Click on the link below to see key information regarding Religious education in English schools (Non-statutory guidance)



In the Autumn Term

We study Tranditional  Pakistani mehndi designs and we make observational drawings.

In the Spring Term

We create portraits from Victorian silhouettes and then create self portrait paintings, focusing on form and proportion.


In the Autumn Term

Design and build rolling vehicles using a range of tools and materials

In the Summer Term

Cooking – focus on healthy, savoury dishes and seasonality